Multimedia on the web is sound, music, videos, movies, and animations.
What is Multimedia?
Multimedia comes in many different formats. It can be almost anything you can hear or see, like images, music, sound, videos, records, films, animations, and more.
Web pages often contain multimedia elements of different types and formats.
The first web browsers had support for text only, limited to a single font in a single color.
Later came browsers with support for colors, fonts, images, and multimedia!
Multimedia elements (like audio or video) are stored in media files.
The most common way to discover the type of a file, is to look at the file extension.
Multimedia files have formats and different extensions like: .wav, .mp3, .mp4, .mpg, .wmv, and .avi.
|MPEG. Developed by the Moving Pictures Expert Group. The first popular video format on the web. Not supported anymore in HTML.|
|AVI||.avi||AVI (Audio Video Interleave). Developed by Microsoft. Commonly used in video cameras and TV hardware. Plays well on Windows computers, but not in web browsers.|
|WMV||.wmv||WMV (Windows Media Video). Developed by Microsoft. Commonly used in video cameras and TV hardware. Plays well on Windows computers, but not in web browsers.|
|QuickTime||.mov||QuickTime. Developed by Apple. Commonly used in video cameras and TV hardware. Plays well on Apple computers, but not in web browsers.|
|RealVideo. Developed by Real Media to allow video streaming with low bandwidths. Does not play in web browsers.|
|Flash. Developed by Macromedia. Often requires an extra component (plug-in) to play in web browsers.|
|Ogg||.ogg||Theora Ogg. Developed by the Xiph.Org Foundation. Supported by HTML.|
|WebM||.webm||WebM. Developed by Mozilla, Opera, Adobe, and Google. Supported by HTML.|
|.mp4||MP4. Developed by the Moving Pictures Expert Group. Commonly used in video cameras and TV hardware. Supported by all browsers and recommended by YouTube.|